Whole leaf grades
The grades for whole leaf orthodox black tea are: Ceylon orange pekoe (OP) grades
- OP—Orange Pekoe: main grade, consisting of long wiry leaf without tips
- OP1—more delicate than OP; long, wiry leaf with the light liquor
- OPA—bolder than OP; long leaf tea which ranges from tightly wound to almost open
- OPS—Orange Pekoe Superior: primarily from Indonesia, similar to OP
- FOP—Flowery Orange Pekoe: high-quality tea with a long leaf and few tips, considered the second grade in Assam, Dooars, and Bangladesh teas, but the first grade in China
- FOP1: limited to only the highest quality leaves in the FOP classification
- GFOP—Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe: higher proportion of tip than FOP. Top grade in Milima and Marinyn regions, uncommon in Assam and Darjeeling
- TGFOP—Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe: the highest proportion of tip, main grade in Darjeeling and Assam
- TGFOP1—limited to only the highest quality leaves in the TGFOP classification
- FTGFOP—Finest Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe: highest quality grade
- FTGFOP1 or STGFOP or SFTGFOP—limited to only the highest quality leaves in the FTGFOP classification
Broken leaf grades
- BT—Broken Tea: Usually a black, open, fleshy leaf that is very bulky. Classification used in Sumatra, Ceylon(Sri Lanka), and some parts of Southern India.
- BP—Broken Pekoe: Most common broken pekoe grade. From Indonesia, Ceylon(Sri Lanka), Assam and Southern India.
- BPS—Broken Pekoe Souchong: Term for broken pekoe in Assam and Darjeeling.
- FP—Flowery Pekoe: High-quality pekoe. Usually coarser with a fleshier, broken leaf. Produced in Ceylon(Sri Lanka) and Southern India, as well as in some parts of Kenya.
- BOP—Broken Orange Pekoe: Main broken grade. Prevalent in Assam, Ceylon(Sri Lanka), Southern India, Java, and China.
- F BOP—Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe: Coarser and broken with some tips. From Assam, Ceylon(Sri Lanka), Indonesia, China, and Bangladesh. In South America coarser, black broken.
- F BOP F—Finest Broken Orange Pekoe Flowery: The finest broken orange pekoe. Higher proportion of tips. Mainly from Ceylon’s “low districts”.
- G BOP—Golden Broken Orange Pekoe: Second grade tea with uneven leaves and few tips.
- GF BOP1—Golden Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe 1: As above, but with only the highest quality leaves in the GFBOP classification.
- TGF BOP1—Tippy Golden Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe 1: High-quality leaves with a high proportion of tips. Finest broken First Grade Leaves in Darjeeling and some parts of Assam.
- PF—Pekoe Fannings
- OF—Orange Fannings: From Northern India and some parts of Africa and South America.
- FOF—Flowery Orange Fannings: Common in Assam, Dooars, and Bangladesh. Some leaf sizes come close to the smaller broken grades.
- GFOF—Golden Flowery Orange Fannings: Finest grade in Darjeeling for tea bag production.
- TGFOF—Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Fannings.
- BOPF—Broken Orange Pekoe Fannings: Main grade in Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Southern India, Kenya, Mozambique, Bangladesh, and China. Black-leaf tea with few added ingredients, uniform particle size, and no tips.
- D1—Dust 1: From Sri Lanka, Indonesia, China, Africa, South America, and Southern India.
- PD—Pekoe Dust
- PD1—Pekoe Dust 1: Mainly produced in India.
- Ch.—China varietal
- Qu.—Queen jat
- FBOPF Ex. Spl.—Finest Broken Orange Pekoe Flowery (Extra Special)
- FP—(Flowery Pekoe)
- PS—Pekoe Souchong
- BOF—Broken Orange Fannings
- BPF—Broken Pekoe Fannings
- RD—Pekoe Dust/Red Dust
- FD—Fine Dust
- GD—Golden Dust
- SRD—Super Red Dust
- SFD—Super Fine Dust
- BMF—Broken Mixed Fannings